Math: Place Value is an abstract concept that can be difficult to understand. You can help your child identify the Ones position by having them use their finger to cover all but the last digit in a number. The digit shown is the Ones. If they use their finger to cover the Ones number they found, the next digit is the Tens. When they see a three digit number like 120 although it is 1 - Hundred, 2 - Tens and 0 - Ones. It is also correct to say that there are 12 - Tens and 0 - Ones.
Addition & Subtraction: I have the students lay every problem out vertically unless it is provided that way. Each problem should be written like this:
12 32 +16 - 12 28 20
Remind them: We always start adding or subtracting on the right or the ones place.
Some students like to use a T-Chart where you draw a line down the middle and label the tens and ones, that is great since place value plays a role in problems that require regrouping (what you may call carrying) like this:
42 72 +1 8 -24 60 28
Having them lay the problems out vertically and reminding them that we always start in the ones place will help them master this skill.
Spelling Homophones: words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have a different meaning. It is really important that you pay attention to the way the word is used to know which word/spelling is correct.
To help your child understand the difference and the the correct spelling for homophones, practice using them in a sentence. way - Go "this way". (direction) weigh - To find our how heavy something is weigh it. its - Give the dog back its bone. (possessive) it's - It's nice outside today. "it is" owe - You owe me $1. oh - Oh, you surprised me! scent - The scent of the flower is nice. (how it smells) sent - I sent a letter to grandma. cent - A penny is worth one cent. great - You did a great job! grate - I dropped a quarter and it fell in the grate. sail - I would like to learn to sail a boat. sale - Valentines are on sale now. cell - They locked him in the jail cell. sell - Are you going to sell the car? roll - Roll the dice, it is your turn! role - You played a role in readers theatre. heal - Your scrape will heal in a day or two. heel - The back of your foot is the heel. meat - Carnivores eat meat. meet - Meet me at the park for a play date.
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